Ethyl cyanoacrylate (ECA), a cyanoacrylate ester, is an ethyl ester of 2-cyano-2-propenoic acid. It is a colorless liquid with low viscosity. It is the main component of cyanoacrylate glues and can be encountered under many trade names. Super glue and Krazy glue are believed to be virtually 100% ECA. It is soluble in acetone, methyl ethyl ketone, nitromethane, and methylene chloride. ECA polymerizes rapidly in presence of moisture.
Ethyl cyanoacrylate is prepared by the condensation of formaldehyde with ethyl cyanoacetate:
- CH2(CN)CO2Et + CH2O → CH2=C(CN)CO2Et + H2O
- Ethyl cyanoacrylate
Identifiers CAS number Y
Properties Molecular formula C6H7NO2 Molar mass 125.13 g/mol Density 1.06 g/mL Melting point
-22 °CBoiling point
54-56 °C at 3mm HgHazards Threshold Limit Value 2 ppm Y
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Ethyl cyanoacrylate is used for gluing of various materials. It finds applications also in medicine, for liquid bandages and for suture-less surgery, but it is used less often than the less toxic n-butyl and octyl cyanoacrylates.
Off-the-shelf non-medical-grade glues are unsuitable for medical applications, as they may contain solvents (e.g. methyl alcohol) and produce heat during polymerization.
After curing, the resulting resin softens at temperatures above 150 °C (300 °F). The service temperature of the joint is -54..+82 °C (-65..+180 °F) Its dielectric constant at 1 MHz is 3.33.
In the U.S., the Threshold Limit Value for ECA is 2 ppm. Heating causes depolymerization of the cured polyECA, producing gaseous products strongly irritating to lungs and eyes.
Mainly reproduced from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethyl_cyanoacrylate